When Hubbel discovered that distant galaxies had red shift, and that this was apparent in every direction, it was concluded that the universe was expanding in all directions. It was also reasoned that the universe was expanding because of a ” Big Bang ” that occurred in the distant past. Most of our current understanding of the cosmos is based on the observed red shift in distant galaxies and the logical implication of a big bang theory and the resultant expansion of our known universe.
Hubbel believed that “Red Shift”, was caused by an object going away from us at high speed. This caused the entire spectrum of the distant object to be stretched or shifted towards the red end of the spectrum of light. This deduction has been one of the pillars of modern astrophysics, but is it correct? A reality check shows us that some of the red shift calculated velocities approach the speed of light. Using the current model for translating the observed Red Shift into real numbers, show that an object such as a Quasar, estimated to be some 200,000 light years across and 4 billion light years away from us is moving away from us at 90% the speed of light. The very same Quasars can change their brightness in a few days. If light can travel across a galaxy at 186,000 miles per second then an object that computes to be 200,000 light years across would take thousands of years, not 3 days to change its brightness. Something is drastically wrong with this model. Nature has always shown itself to be consistent and elegantly simple. To reason a special exception for the laws of physics for a certain type of object flies in the face of common sense. So why the tremendous disparity between observation and the laws of physics?
Giftt: I think you are to the point Mr. Allen. The present expanding Universe and the Big Bang theory are as much in trouble as the Flat Earth Science was at the time of Aristotle.
There has been many theories about “Tired Light’ which just states that the photon ages by time and displays this age by loosing energy in the display of shifting its frequency to longer frequencies. As we know the energy of the photon is the product of the Plank’s constant “h” and the frequency “v”. The lower the frequency, the lower the energy. The theory of tired light suggests that time has an effect on the light. Obviously the more distant Galaxies will exhibit more of the Red-Shift (Shift to lower frequencies) and so they are not really running away. The space-time-mass theory can even explain this better. Since the fabric of space-time has equivalent mass, the huge mass of Universe itself (By general Relativity, this mass bends the light) will effect the light that travels in it. I mean not only mass bends the light; it also causes the light to shift to lower frequencies. This suggests that gravitational force effects the Photons of light and causes them to shift to lower frequencies. Obviously, the more distant a Galaxy, the more exposure to the Universal mass and the more Red Shift. I would like to propose to the Astronomers to make a simple measurement on the starlight that passes near the Sun and see if they can measure a Red-Shift effect. This would be very similar to the measurement that proved Special Relativity by measuring the bending of the starlight near the Sun. I even think that Einstein predicted the effects of Gravity of the frequency of light. (I have to Check.).
I believe that our observations are only confusing because we do not understand the true nature of light and its propagation. The Quasar riddle can be explained if we accept the idea that these objects are close enough for us to observe a change in brightness in a few days, but the light from this object is red shifted for reasons we do not understand. This of course completely blows away the expanding universe and the Big Bang theory, but it never really made sense anyway. How can infinity have a center, or a place where all matter could come together? It just isn’t good common sense. After all the concept of infinity means that there is no beginning and no end and if it could have an end, what could contain it?
Giftt: Universe could be Infinite and Eternal, yet proving it is as challenging as proving it otherwise.
Modern astrophysics is like a house of cards that was built on the premise that we understand enough about the propagation of electromagnetic radiation to make sweeping deductions about the universe itself. If we admit that we do not understand light itself, you will quickly realize how tenuous or current theories really are.